BELIZE OVERVIEW

LOCATION

Belize is located in Central America confine with Mexico to the north, to the south and west by Guatemala and to the east by the Caribbean Sea.
Belize is a small country with an extension of 22,966 km². More than 450 islands are located just in front of Belize, between the coast and the barrier reef which has the primate to be the second largest reef after Australia Great Barrier.

Many islands have white and pristine beaches and bunches of corals are in all the cayes.
3 big Atolls with plenty of islands are also based in Belize, Turneff Atoll, Glover’s Reef and Lighthouse Reef, these atolls host luxury resorts and attract millionaire investors and tourists from USA, Europe and Canada.

With very low population, only 300 thousands inhabitants, 14 people per square km, Belize is also known for its extreme biodiversity and ecosystem.
Belize has Many different species of flora and fauna, and the largest cave system of Central America.
Jaguars, tapirs, toucans are only few animals that you find in the many reserves Belize has.

HISTORY

The descendent of Belize are the Maya people, which are the first that has develop Belize with their amazing archaeological sites.
Caracol, Xunantunich, Altun Ha, Lamanai are probably the most representative settlements of Maya culture in Belize.

The fist contact with European was in 1502 when Christopher Columbus arrived to the Belizean’s coast. After, in 1638 the English Krown start to set up many English settlements.
In 1840, Belize became a “Colony of British Honduras” and in 1862, it became a crown colony. For one hundred years after that, Belize was a representative government of England but in January 1964, full self government with a ministerial system was granted. In 1973, the region’s name was changed from British Honduras to Belize and on September 21, 1981, full independence was achieved.

The Official language in Belize is English. In Belize is also speaked Spanish and Kriol.
The Belizean people are a melting pot of different culture, in fact Maya, Mestizo, Kriol, Garifuna, East Indian, Mennonite, Arab and Chinese are the inhabitants of Belize.
Through out the country you can find different languages as Maya, German, Mandarin and African-Garifuna.

WEATHER
The tropical and warm weather is one of the most attractive thing of Belize.

With an average yearly temperature of 84° F (29°C), it’s always warm, yet comfortable. Coastal sea breezes as well as the jungle and rainforests keep you cool even in the hottest summer months while winters can be cool but never very cold. In short, the climate is pretty much near perfect. Even in winter (November-March) the temperature in Belize rarely falls below 60°F (16°C), while the summer (May-September) is around 86°F (30°C). Humidity is also fairly consistent at around 85 percent.
The dry season is between February and May and has significantly lower rainfall than the rest of the year. When it does rain, it is usually in mild, short shower.

June through December is the wet season, when parts of the country receive up to 150 inches of rain and the heavy, sometimes wild storms associated with the Caribbean occur, usually in the late afternoons. The most frequent rainfall usually happens in June or early July and is punctuated by a break in late July or August known as the “little dry.”
Hurricane season exist in Belize, however, statistically Belize does not attract many major direct hits, it does get its share of severe tropical weather with high winds and rain. A cooperative early warning network works every day with our neighbors. Safety, evacuation and other procedures have proven to be effective, so no worries.
No matter what season you visit, there’s plenty to do and see down here.

CURRENCY

Belize currency exchange is extremely easy for American visitors and European. The Belize dollar is locked at $2 Belize = $1 USD. So it’s very easy to see how much something is costing in USD when you go shopping. Most accommodations and tours are listed in US$ prices, and most restaurants, shops, etc. are listed in BZ$. Nearly everyplace readily accepts USD currency. Most also should accept traveler’s checks as long as you write your passport number or driver’s license number on the back.
ATMs are also available across the country, particularly in most tourist destinations- including Placenica,Punta Gorda, Belmopan, Dangriga, Belize City, San Pedro Ambergris Caye, Caye Caulker, Orange Walk, San Ignacio and Corozal.

TRANSPORT

Belize has efficient air links with the 2 domestic air company Tropic Air and Maya Air. With plenty of airstrips all around the country, you can easily reach any place at almost any time.

Several flights departure many times per day Between San Pedro, Belize City, San Ignacio, Placencia, Dangriga.
All main towns and villages are connected with highway and road system.
Bus terminal operates from all the important villages and town.
Take a ride is also very common practice for backpackers and locals in Belize.
Every day in Belize arrive international flights from many cities of USA.

Also Belize is connected with direct flight with Mexico, Panama, Guatemala, Salvador, Honduras.
San Pedro and Caye Caulker are connected every day with shuttle boat.
All the Cayes in Belize are reachable by boat from the coast. Most of the Cayes are reachable in less than one hour.
Cruises arrived to Belize City from USA almost everyday. A new harbour in the south of Belize close to the Peninsula of Placencia will be ready in 2016 for cruises.

THINGS TO DO

Belize is like a natural huge theme park. Here you can choose every what kind of experience you wish to take.
Plenty of Archaeological sites. Some in the jungle, some reachable only by boat.

Bird watching: any different species of birds live in Belize, included the Toucan and the Scarlet Macaw.
Caves: Belize has the biggest network of caves of all Central America. Many activities can be done in the cave, from the cave tubing to the night expedition or trekking for hours in the heart of the earth.

Canoeing: many rivers and creeks are navigable in Belize using kayaks or canoe, this is an amazing experience for the lovers of canoeing.

Fishing: Belize is one of the most famous destination for fishing. Here you can try to catch the Blue Marlin or do flyfishing from the reef. You will not disappointed, Belize has the opportunity for any kind of fisherman.

Hiking: kike in the Maya Mountains bewtween rivers, jungle, animals and ruins is the best experience a hiker can do.

Horse Back Riding: What about step up in the jungle with a horse back? Yes the jungle can be discovered with horse back riding. So jump in the saddle and ride on.

Snorkeling and Diving: Belize is known all around the world for The Great Blue Hole, which the famous exploratory Jacque Custeau explore in the 1971 with its ship Calypso. In Belize you can snorkel around the second biggest reef of the world or swim with the huge and spectacular Whale Shark.
Many relics and beautiful spots are waiting for you.

Sailing: Never think about sail in the Caribbean Sea? Yes, in Belize there are many islands with white and pristine beach you can see. Most of the time you will see you are the only visitor of these beautiful islands. So take a Catamaran from Placencia and sail in the Caribbean Sea. Honduras and Roatan are only few hours far.